+62 21 82492365
Home / FAQ

Here are the most frequent question that is often ask to us, if you have any questions that is not in the question and answer column below, please fill in your question on our contact page.

What does bark, bark free wood means?

Bark is the outer part of the Wood layer, not including the Kambium section which is very potentially attacked by pests and diseases. Whereas Bark Free Wood is wood free from the Mata Kayu Mati, as well as the former circle of the Year Dry wood. Bark is the outermost part of the Wood layer, not including the channel section of the Kambium which is very potentially attacked by pests and diseases. Whereas Bark Free Wood is an independent wood from the Mata Kayu Mati, as well as the ex circle wood of the dry wood

What does heat treatment means?

Is a process of heated up commodity to minimum temperature and time, according to the specified requirements.

What does Kiln dry means ?

Is a process of heating wood in a closed room by using a humidity and temperature settings system to achieve certain wood water content. For about <20%

What does Debarking (DB) means?

Revocation of the outermost layer of wood (Debarking) but this methods does not apply to a wood that has Bark Free Wood.

What does Chemical Pressure Impegnation (CPI) means?

Is a wood treatment using chemicals to prevent pest and fungus reinfestation This process is put in accordance with the technical requirements that have been set.

Who is the institution that is competent in ISPM # 15 issues in Indonesia on this issue?

NPPO (Nation Plant Protection Organization) which is Agricultural quarantine agency or Badan Karantina Pertanian (BARANTAN) especially Plant Quarantine.

Does container wedge from wood have to marked with ISPM # 15?

Container wedge must be also marked with ISPM # 15.

What is the target of pest and disease in the wood packaging for international trade?

Ambrosia Beetles, Drill Beetles, Termites and Wood Mushrooms. This information will continue to be developed by the International Forest Group (IFRG)

How much MC that is use in PT. Karuna?

Our product use 20% maximum of MC

How much the maximum of water content limit f for wood packaging export?

It is depends on the destination and the length of delivery.  For example, destination to Taiwan, India, China and Korea have the packaging  <1 month in the container with <25% MC. While to Europe, Russia, America the packaging is > 1 month in the Container and the MC is <20%.

Which countries have received this Additional Treatment?

Almost all countries in the world have received SPIT® as an additional treatment for pest and fungus reinfestation.

Has this SPIT® treatment been adopted by IPPC?

Not yet, until today this is still use as additional treatment to prevent reinfestation of Wood packaging. But in the future, we hope this treatment can be approved by IPPC with the ISPM # 28 scheme. Through NPPO, Regional, Appendix, annexes through the Panel Team session.

How much this SPIT treatment cost?

Very affordable because it is cheaper than Fumigation and Heat Treatment. And the time used is faster.

How does the Semi Permanent Immunization Treatment (SPIT®) Application Method works?

Wood packaging that has been checked (Quality Control), will be Make Up, Upgrade, and then will be treated by spraying or soaking. And after that the wood packaging will be mark for Marking Control, taht will be treatment date, expiry date until stuffing, Clean Up & Spraying Container before stuffing. If up to 1 month the Wood Packaging has not been export, the re-immunization is carried out so that the packaging is protected from attack by pest and fungus reinfestation. In this way the packaging can be guaranteed and controlled.

Is there a Modification of the Treatment?

Yes, there is the Semi Permanent Immunization Treatment (SPIT®) Application Method that uses L8D ™ Application.This Application Method has passed the Test regarding Efficacy, Toxicity, Residual Securities and Environmentally Friendly Certificates and has received recognition from Competent Autonomy and other Institutions.

So, is there any process must be done after the ISPM # 15 treatment so that the pallet can be guaranteed and controlled from the attack of the pest or fungus reinfestation?

Re-treatment must be carried out, with the Application Method that has been recognized by the Competent Authority to guarantee and control the Wood Packaging from the attack of pest and fungus reinfestation.

How long is the ISPM # 15 treatment able to protect the Wood Packaging from the attack of pest and fungus reinfestation, considering that for Agriculture, Plantation and Forestry products can take from 12 months until the Wood Packaging is before the wood exported?

There is no protection whatsoever after the ISPM # 15 Treatment is carried out because the treatment is a Non Permanent Treatment (NPT) treatment. So after being treated in an unspecified time the pallet will be easily attacked by the pest and the fungus agains.

How can a products or services company choose a good wood packaging company?

Before buying, make sure there is a team that will audit the existence and the systems of the providers. Audits will be done for at least every 3 months (Audit Supplier Providers). This will ensure and guarantee the provider, either they have a strong infrastructure resources, personnels, raw materials and financial resources so the product quality and the delivery will be controlled and guaranteed in order to achieve a smooth export process

Then does it means that if wood packaaging had allready been marked still not going through a proper procedur?

Yes, it is because the Authority is not firm enough on supervision and actions on the grounds because of limited personnel.

Who is the most produced wooden package in Indonesia?

More than 80% came from a traditional Packaging craftsman not from Providers who are registered by the Government. This is because the Pallet Craftsmen have tried in this field long before ISPM # 15 existed and has been handed down from generation to generation.

Is that okay t use modification treatment like chemical or other ingredients to control OPT and fungus which are sold freely on the market but not yet recognized by the Competent Authority?

Should not. Because that way can cause problem for the commodity that is packed inside the wood packaging, like food, drinks, medicine, chemical, spare part, automotives, rubber, plastics, etc. Those  materials must obtain recognition from the Agricultural Quarantine Agency by considering the specifications and testing these materials. Especially about Efficacy, Toxicity Levels, Residual Effects and Environment Friendly. This material must be effective against pests and fungi (pests and diseases) but must be safe to use, safe for humans, mammals and most importantly environmentally friendly and easy to apply.

Why after doing ISPM #15 treatment, the wood packaging still be able receive attack by OPT and Fungus that when the wood packaging reach the destinations country, all of the commodity are refuse. While this process can causes high cost?

The procedure is not done properly and correctly, there is no post-treatment control, the dose is not achieved enough to the treatment so the quality target is not achieved.

Can the Collaborative Facility between KD and HT used directly for Heat Treatment of Wood Packaging?

It can’t, because the facility must be tested first by the Competent Authority (BARANTAN). After the feasibility test is completed and a new letter is issued, it may be used as a Quarantine Treatment (Heat Treatment of Wood Packaging is Treatment of Plant Quarantine). So of course all activities must be supervised by the Plant Quarantine.

What kind of facilities that use in indonesia for Heat Treatment of Wood Packaging?

Indonesia use collaboration between KD and HT, so the facility is able to solidify the wood and be able to read the wood core temperature and the time specified

Does the IPPC implement in the Heat Treatment Process use HT, KD and CPI facilities?

The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), based in Rome, Italy, is a World Institution under the United Nations that regulates the Convention on World Plant Pest Prevention. Of course the climate conditions, of each country in the world will be different from each other. For countries such as Europe using HT facilities, it is enough. Because of the cold and dry climate (4 seasons), there is no problem with wood fungus. While for countries like Indonesia, with tropical climate and very high humidity climate, there is some potential attack from wood fungi. this causes the wood have to be dry for about <20% to avoid fungus attacks.  Whilel using KD Facility to dry it. Currently the Agricultural Quarantine Agency as the IPPC representative in Indonesia / IPPC has established KD as a Heat treatment facility. Thus the facility must be able to reduce water content / MC <20%.

Karuna Indonesia